Sierra Leone

Map of Sierra Leone
Map of Sierra Leone

Introduction to Sierra Leone



The Republic of Sierra Leone is a country in West Africa. It is bordered by Guinea on the north and Liberia on the south, with the Atlantic Ocean on the west. The name Sierra Leone was adapted from the Portuguese version: Sera Lyoa. The original meaning was "Lion Mountains." During the 1700s it was an important centre of the Transatlantic Slave Trade. Much like neighbouring Liberia, it was founded by freed slaves, who in 1791 founded the capital, Freetown. In 1808, Freetown became a British Crown Colony, and in 1896, the interior of the country became a British Protectorate. The Crown Colony and Protectorate joined and gained independence in 1961. From 1991 to 2000, the country suffered greatly under a devastating civil war.

In May 2000, the situation in the country deteriorated to such an extent that British troops were deployed in Operation Palliser to evacuate foreign nationals and establish order. They stabilised the situation, and were the catalyst for a ceasefire and ending of the civil war. United Nations peacekeeping forces withdrew at the end of 2005.

Much of Sierra Leone's coastline consists of mangrove swamps, with the exception of the peninsula on which the capital city Freetown is located. The rest of Sierra Leone is mostly plateau (about 300 m above sea level) covered by forests, with mountains in the northeast of the country (highest point Loma Mansa, 1,948 m). The climate is tropical, with a rainy season from May to December.

Major cities are the capital Freetown, Koidu (Sefadu), Bo, Kenema and Makeni.
Flag of Sierra Leone
Flag of Sierra Leone


Official Canadian government advisories for travelling to, in and around Sierra Leone



You are advised against all travel to the border area with Liberia and Guinea. Canadians should exercise caution when travelling in Sierra Leone and avoid travelling after dark. You should use extreme caution if travelling to the city centre of Freetown. Crime, including theft, remains a problem. Local police may not be able to assist you. Demonstrations should be avoided. Canadians should check with local authorities for the latest information.

Canadians in Sierra Leone should contact the Embassy of Canada in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire (see below), for the latest security information. The ability of the Embassy of Canada in Abidjan to render assistance in Sierra Leone is severely limited.
Country Data
Population 5,883,889
Capital City Freetown (Sierra Leone)
Major Cities(s) Freetown
Major Religion(s) Muslim 60%, indigenous beliefs 30%, Christian 10%
Physical Size 71,740 km²
Land Area 71,620 km²
Water Area 120 km²